Dental Education

Dental Tourism is a budding concept for a planned vacation along with standardized, customized and an effective Dental treatment. Dental treatment is very expensive in most of the European and American countries compared to this part of the world. A dentist can charge $300 to $400 for a Dental Filling in USA & Europe whereas it costs only $30 to $40 in India

What Is It?
Bruxism is clenching or grinding your teeth, often without being aware that your are doing it. .
Some people grind their teeth only during sleep; this condition is called "nocturnal bruxism" or "sleep-related bruxism." Others grind their teeth during the daytime as well, most often during situations that make them feel tense or anxious. People with severe bruxism can fracture dental fillings or cause other types of tooth damage. Severe bruxism has also been blamed for some cases of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD), mysterious morning headaches and unexplained facial pain.
Bruxism can have a variety of psychological and physical causes. In many cases, it has been linked to stress, but it can also simply be the body's reaction to the teeth being aligned wrong or a poor bite (the way the teeth come together). Bruxism can sometimes occur as a complication of severe brain injury, or a symptom of certain rare neuromuscular diseases involving the face. Bruxism also can be an uncommon side effect of some psychiatric medications, including antidepressant medications.

Prevention
If your bruxism is related to stress, you may be able to prevent the problem by seeking professional counseling or by using strategies to help you learn to relax. Also, try cutting down on stimulants such as tobacco and caffeine.
In both children and adults, tooth damage related to bruxism can be prevented by wearing a night bite plate or a bite splint (a dental appliance worn at night to stop teeth grinding).


Treatment
The treatment of bruxism varies depending on its cause:

  • Stress — If you have bruxism that is stress-related, your dentist or physician may recommend professional counseling, psychotherapy, biofeedback exercises or other strategies to help you relax. Your dentist or physician also may prescribe muscle relaxant medications to temporarily ease the spasm in your clenched and overworked jaw. If conventional therapy does not help, your dentist may refer you to an oral surgeon who may inject botulinum toxin directly into your jaw muscles (to temporarily interfere with muscle contractions).
  • Dental problems — If your bruxism is related to tooth problems, your dentist will probably treat it with occlusal therapy (to correct tooth alignment). In severe cases, your dentist may need to use onlays or crowns to entirely reshape the biting surfaces of your teeth.
  • Brain injury or neuromuscular illness — Your bruxism may be especially hard to treat if you have these medical problems. Your oral surgeon may give you injections of botulinum toxin if more conservative treatments fail.
  • Medication — If you develop bruxism as a side effect of antidepressant medications, your doctor either can switch you to a different drug or give you another medication to counteract your bruxism.

The standard time for brushing teeth is 3 minutes, which can seem like eternity to children. Parents should monitor their children to make sure that they are brushing for as effectively as possible.

Teeth brushing mistakes, how to avoid them and How to Fix Them

Admit it-brushing your teeth is so second-nature you barely think about it. But doing it right is key for a healthy mouth. It can help you avoid problems like cavities and gum disease.

Sharpen your skills with these easy-to-follow tips:

1. Choose the Right Tool

Just any old toothbrush may not be the one for you. Think about the size of your mouth, says Richard H. Price, DMD, consumer advisor for the American Dental Association. "If you are straining to open wide enough to let the brush in, the brush is probably too big," he says.It should feel good in your mouth and in your hand, so you’ll use it often.Know your bristles, too. If they're really stiff, they can hurt your gums. A soft brush is best.Electric or manual? "It's an individual preference.Electric toothbrushes can make it easier to do a better job, especially if you have arthritis or other trouble with your hands, arms, or shoulders.

2. Give It Time

Are you brushing enough? Twice a day is recommended. It should take at least 3minutes each time. Most of us fall short in brushing time. so we also suggests you divide your mouth into four sections and spend 50 seconds on each. To make the time go faster,  watching  TV is an idea. Some electric toothbrushes have built-in timers and can track how you're using it by syncing to your smart phone..

 

 

 

Besides from take home kits, it is illegal for anyone other than dentists to carry out teeth whitening. Teeth whitening needs the right training and knowledge. If not administered properly, the process could permanently damage your teeth and gums.

Periodontal (gum) disease is a leading cause of tooth loss and may be associated with other chronic diseases, including diabetes and heart disease.

Gum disease is often silent, meaning symptoms may not appear until an advanced stage of the disease.

However, warning signs of gum disease include the following:

  • Red, swollen or tender gums or other pain in your mouth
  • Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
  • Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Pus between your gums and teeth
  • Sores in your mouth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures

Millions of people don't know they have this serious infection that can lead to tooth loss if not treated.

TREATMENT OF GUM DISEASE

 

1. This is a normal cross section of molar teeth. Enamel is the hard outer crystal-like layer. Dentin is the softer layer beneath the enamel. The pulp chamber contains nerves and blood vessels and is considered the living part of the tooth.

2. Demineralization  or white patches  continues. Enamel starts to break down. Once the enamel surface is broken, the tooth can no longer repair itself. The cavity has to be cleaned and restored by a dentist